It's crazy to think about – phpMyAdmin has been around for almost 20 years now. For many, it is the tool for managing MySQL and MySQL-like databases (MariaDB, Percona, etc.). In this article, I'm going to walk through setting up a phpMyAdmin application on your local machine which you can then use to manage MySQL databases running with Nanobox on your local machine.
Things to Note
When phpMyAdmin is installed using the method outlined in this article, it can only be used to manage MySQL databases running locally with Nanobox, not production databases (at least not easily). phpMyAdmin is a standalone, containerized application that is able to interact with databases running inside Nanobox. When running locally, every MySQL database container is given a virtual IP that can be used to access the database from your local machine and/or inside the local Nanobox VM/network.
You can manage multiple databases from multiple apps all running inside Nanobox. It would essentially look like this:
Now, on to the good stuff...
Create a New Project Directory
Create a new project directory for your phpMyAdmin install and
cd into it. For this walkthrough, I'm going to use
nanobox-phpmyadmin as my directory name, but you can use whatever you'd like.
mkdir nanobox-phpmyadmin && cd $_
Add a boxfile.yml
Nanobox uses the
boxfile.yml to build and prepare your app's runtime. Create
boxfile.yml in the root of your project with the following:
run.config: engine: php engine.config: runtime: php-7.1 extensions: - mcrypt - mysqli - mbstring - gd - session - xml - tokenizer - dom - curl - simplexml - xmlwriter - zip
This includes everything phpMyAdmin needs to run.
Start the Dev Environment
boxfile.yml in place, run the following to setup and build a PHP development environment configured specifically for phpMyAdmin.
# add a convenient way to access phpmyadmin from the browser nanobox dns add local phpmyadmin.dev # start the dev environment nanobox run
nanobox run command will start your local development environment and drop you into a console inside. Once in,
cd into the
/tmp directory and use Composer to install phpMyAdmin. Then copy the generated files into your project root,
/app. Your local working directory is mounted into the Nanobox container, so any changes made here will propagate down to your machine. This means all the necessary phpMyAdmin files will be available in your filesystem.
# cd into /tmp cd /tmp # use composer to install phpMyAdmin composer create-project phpmyadmin/phpmyadmin # copy the phpMyAdmin to your project root and cd back into /app shopt -s dotglob cp -a phpMyAdmin/* /app cd /app
In the root of your project, there's a phpMyAdmin configuration template named
config.sample.inc.php. Copy this file and name it
cp config.sample.inc.php config.inc.php
Get Your Database Credentials
phpMyAdmin pulls database configuration from the
config.inc.php. It doesn't allow you to specify a host in the UI, so you have to include your databases' hosts in that file.
This next steps assume you have a project with MySQL already setup and running with Nanobox. If not, the Nanobox Guides are the best places to get started.
To get the host of your database, open a new terminal session,
cd into your project directory, and pull the information for the app.
# cd into your project with a db cd project-dir # view the app info nanobox info local
In the output, you will see the connection credentials for your database.
data.db IP : 172.21.0.3 User(s) : root - XxxXXxXXxX nanobox - xXXXXXxXxx
Also note the username and password for the database. You'll use those to login to your database through the phpMyAdmin UI. You can also include these in your
config.inc.php to keep from having to enter them in the UI.
Update the Hosts in Your config.inc.php
Replace the host for your database in your
config.inc.php with the IP of your project's database.
/* Server parameters */ $cfg['Servers'][$i]['host'] = '172.21.0.3';
Managing Multiple Databases
You can use this phpMyAdmin app to manage multiple databases from multiple apps running with Nanobox. Get the host of each database by repeating the process above. You can then add each host to your
Start the array with
 and increment up from there.
/* Server parameters */ $cfg['Servers']['host'] = '172.21.0.3'; $cfg['Servers']['host'] = '172.21.0.4'; $cfg['Servers']['host'] = '172.21.0.5';
With your host(s) configured, you're ready to start phpMyAdmin. From inside the Nanobox console, run:
Start the App with Your Database
In another terminal, if you haven't already, start the app that includes the database you're going to manage. If the app isn't running, there won't be a running database to connect to.
cd project-dir nanobox run
Manage Your Database(s)
Visit phpmyadmin.dev in your browser.
Enter your database's username and password. If you have multiple databases, select the host you're trying to connect to from the "Server Choice" dropdown. That's it!
Anytime you want to fire up your phpMyAdmin app again, just
cd into the
nanobox-phpmyadmin directory and run:
nanobox run php-server
Note: phpMyAdmin could be used to manage a live database by including it in your project's codebase and running it on live servers, but, for security reasons, I don't recommend going that route.
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